BETTY FRIEDAN THE FEMININE MYSTIQUE THESIS

Retrieved 19 February The Feminine Mystique begins with an introduction describing what Friedan called “the problem that has no name”—the widespread unhappiness of women in the s and early s. Or better yet, the future of the world. She originally intended to publish an article on the topic, not a book, but no magazine would publish her article. Yet as Friedan shows, later studies found that overbearing mothers, not careerists, were the ones who raised maladjusted children.

For each conflict, Friedan offers examples of women who have overcome it. Sin, Science and Psychoanalysis. Friedan should save her pity for those who really need it—the half starved, oppressed people in the world. This page was last edited on 20 May , at Retrieved January 12, In the commission appointed to review the status of women recommended an end to inequities.

Why Was The Feminine Mystique Such a Phenomenon?: A Clarification – CaltechTHESIS

In behty an employee under the alias “L M” wrote in a two-page memo that [35] Friedan’s theoretical views were “too obvious and feminine”, as well as critiquing her approach by suggesting it to be unscientific.

Friedan criticizes functionalismwhich attempted to make the social sciences more credible by studying the institutions of society as if they were parts of a social body, as in biology. In addition to its obvious contribution to feminism, The Feminine Mystique related to many other coinciding movements. Friedan recalls her own decision to conform to society’s expectations by giving up her promising career in psychology to raise children, and shows that other young women still struggled with the same kind of decision.

February 19, [1].

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Also into celebrate its centennial the U. Friedan notes that the uncertainties and fears during World War II and the Cold War made Americans long for the comfort of home, so they tried to create an idealized home life with the father as breadwinner and the mother as housewife.

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She postulates that these women unconsciously stretch their home duties to fill the time available, because the feminine mystique has taught women that this is their role, and if they ever complete their tasks th will become unneeded.

Why Was The Feminine Mystique Such a Phenomenon?: A Clarification

She argues, “In a sense that goes beyond any woman’s life, I think this is a crisis of women growing up—a turning point from an immaturity that has been called femininity to full human identity.

Friedan shows that advertisers tried to encourage housewives to think of themselves as professionals who needed many specialized products in order to do their jobs, while discouraging housewives from having actual careers, since that would mean they would not spend as much time and effort on housework and therefore would not buy as many household products, cutting into advertisers’ profits. Many women dropped out of school early to marry, afraid that if they waited too long or became too educated, they would not be able to attract a husband.

The Equal Pay Act of stipulated that women receive the same pay as men for the same work. When the mother lacks a self, Friedan notes, she often tries to live through her children, causing the children to lose their own sense of themselves as separate human beings with their own lives.

Association for Women in Mathematics. The Feminine Mystique begins with an introduction describing what Friedan called “the problem that has no name”—the widespread unhappiness of women in the s and ceminine s.

betty friedan the feminine mystique thesis

Women Girls Mothers Femininity. In the commission appointed to review the status of women recommended an end to inequities. On February 22 and 23,a symposium titled React: Yet as Friedan shows, later studies found that overbearing mothers, not careerists, were the ones who raised maladjusted children. Women’s history Feminist history Timeline of women’s rights other than voting. Institutions were studied in terms of their function in society, and women were confined to their sexual biological roles as housewives and mothers as well as being told that doing otherwise would upset the social balance.

Despite these criticisms, her “language aimed at white American middle-class women won large numbers of supporters to the feminist cause,” implying perhaps that Friedan’s decision to exclude other groups was deliberate in mobilizing a group of women that had in some cases not thought of the improvement of their rights.

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Timeline First-wave Second-wave timeline Third-wave Begty. Friedan notes that many housewives have sought fulfillment in sex, unable to find it in housework and friean Friedan notes mystkque sex cannot fulfill all of a person’s needs, and that attempts to make it do so often drive married women to have affairs or drive their husbands away as they become obsessed with sex. She originally intended to publish an article on the topic, not a book, but no magazine would publish her article.

The statement called for “the true equality for all women”. Now I discover I’ve been miserable and some sort of monster in disguise—now out of disguise. An Interview with Stephanie Coontz”.

Friedan ends her book by promoting education and meaningful work as the ultimate method by which American women can avoid becoming trapped in the feminine mystique, calling for a drastic rethinking of what it means to be feminine, and offering several educational and occupational suggestions.

Social Women’s history Feminist history Timeline of women’s rights other btety voting. Friedan discusses Abraham Maslow ‘s hierarchy of needs and notes that women have been trapped at the basic, physiological level, expected to find their identity through their sexual role alone.

betty friedan the feminine mystique thesis

Friedan argues at the end of the chapter that although theorists discuss how men need to find their identity, women are expected to be autonomous. Significant numbers of women responded myztique to the book, which they felt implied that wives and mothers could never be fulfilled.

She notes that they secured important rights for women, including education, the right to pursue a career, and the right to vote. By the yearThe Feminine Mystique had sold more than 3 mystiqke copies and had been translated into many foreign languages.