The frontier had no need for standing armies, established churches, aristocrats or nobles. Turner elaborated on the theme in his advanced history lectures and in a series of essays published over the next 25 years, published along with his initial paper as The Frontier in American History. If we can reach and cross this frontier, our generations will have furnished a significant milestone in human history. This is the frontier—the America—we have set ourselves to reclaim. Grossman, The Frontier in American Culture p.
They emphasized the values of individualism, empiricism, simplicity, equality, courage, discovery, independence, and naturalism in the service of democratic access, human rights, ecological balance, and the resolution of social, economic, and political issues. Even after independence, the eastern coast of the United States sought to control the West. Three years before Turner’s pronouncement of the frontier thesis, the U. You are commenting using your WordPress. By continuing to use this website, you agree to their use.
Instead Fermilab’s planners sought to return to Turnerian themes. Census Bureau had announced the disappearance of a contiguous frontier line. Most migrant wagon trains, for example, were composed of extended kinship networks. The tensions between small churches as a result of this fight, Turner states, exist today because of the religious attempt to messaeg the West and those effects are worth further study.
Prehistory Pre-Columbian Colonial — — — — — — — — — —present. Turner sets up the East and the West as opposing forces; as the West strives for freedom, the East seeks to control it. Brent, “Electronic communication and sociology: The Frontier thesis was formulatedwhen American historian Frederick Jackson Turner theorized that the availability of unsettled land throughout much of American history was the most important factor determining national development.
It came out of the American forest, and it gained new strength each time it touched a new frontier,” said Turner. You are commenting using your Google account. The numerous Indian wars provoked by American expansion belie Turner’s argument that the American “free land” frontier was a sharp contrast with European nations’ borders with other states.
John, ” Turner, Beard, Chandler: One Comment Add yours Pingback: American intellect owes its form to the frontier as well. Slatta, “Taking Our Myths Seriously. The frontier, they argued, shaped uniquely American institutions such as revivals, camp meetings, and itinerant preaching. Every generation moved further west and became more American, more democratic, and more intolerant of hierarchy.
Crucible of Empire – PBS Online
They also became more violent, more jaackson, more distrustful of authority, less artistic, less scientific, and more dependent on ad-hoc organizations they formed themselves. Their germs were, directly and by way of England, carried to the New World where they were allowed to germinate in the North American forests.
It came out of the American forest, and it gained thwsis strength each time it touched a new frontier. William Appleman Williams led the “Wisconsin School” of diplomatic historians by arguing that the frontier thesis encouraged American overseas expansion, especially in Asia, during the 20th century.
The Frontier in American History. Turner set up an evolutionary model he had studied evolution with a leading geologist, Thomas Chrowder Chamberlinusing the time dimension of American history, and the geographical space of the land that became the United States.
Theodore Roosevelt’s Myth of the Frontier”.
Essays and Miscellany First ed. However, the availability of free, undeveloped land in the West had enabled Americans to go through a kind of rebirthing process.
Evidently, the belief that free political institutions of the United States spawned in ancient Germanic forests endured well into the s. According to Bancroft, the Germanic germs had spread across of all Western Europe by the Middle Ages and had reached their height.
Fdederick and Hoddeson argue that during the heyday of Kennedy’s “New Frontier,” the physicists who built the Fermi Labs explicitly sought to recapture the excitement of the old frontier. This is the frontier—the America—we have set ourselves to reclaim. Census of had officially stated that the American frontier had broken up. Of course it was not viewed as myth by individuals at the time, and is still pulsing through the American conscious, though weakened, today.
Mode inargued that churches adapted to the characteristics of the frontier, creating new denominations such as the Turnerrsthe Church of Turnsrsthe Disciples of Christand the Cumberland Presbyterians. Turner never published a major book on the frontier for which he did 40 years of research.